Chateau de Boussac, a medieval fortess


Facade overlooking the river

The Chateau de Boussac is located about fifty kilometers north of the city of Aubusson.

Its impressive silhouette overlooks La Petite Creuse, a tributary of the river Creuse.

Jean de Brosse built the Chateau de Boussac in the 14th century in order to replace the fortress the English destroyed during the Hundred Years War.

The castle was partially destroyed during the French Revolution.

The keep, fortifications, the portal and the towers’ crenelated roofs were pulled down.

The main building, however, escaped the dismantling!

The arms of the Brosse Family also escaped destruction and are still visible on the lintel of the main entrance.


Guardroom – fireplaces

What remains of the Chateau de Boussac is quite impressive!

The massive rectangular building is flanked by a large round tower, two square towers and a three-side staircase tower.

It was partly rebuilt in the 18th century.

It has, however, retained many 15th century Flamboyant architectural features, such as the stunning roof windows and the two fireplaces in the Guardroom.

Those were classified Historical Monuments under the label ‘objects’ in 1998.

The village of Boussac bought the Chateau de Boussac in 1833.

The department of Creuse purchased it in turn in 1838, in order to house the sub-prefecture of Boussac.

Lady and the Unicorn Tapestry in the Chateau de Boussac

A unique event brought fame to the Chateau de Boussac in the years that followed.


Tower staircase

Indeed, the writer George Sand and the Inspector-General of Historical Monuments Prosper Mérimée discovered the Lady and the Unicorn tapestry in the castle.

This wonderful Flanders tapestry is now exhibited in the Museum of the Middle Ages of Cluny in Paris.

The 18th century paneling coating of the room, where George Sand slept during her recurrent sojourns, was also classified Historical Monument under the label ‘object’ in 1998.

The industrialist, Mr. Blondeau, acquired the Chateau de Boussac in 1965.

He also owns the tapestry Manufacture Saint-Jean in Aubusson.

The castle thus serves as an exhibition hall for many prestigious Aubusson tapestries designed by Jean Lurçat, Jean Picart le Doux and Dom Robert.

The Chateau de Boussac was classified Historical Monument in 1930.

Tapestries by Lurçat and Dom Robert and ‘Lady and the Unicorn’:

  • Aubusson-tapestry-Hiver-by-Lurcat
  • Aubusson-tapestry-Printemps-by-Lurcat
  • Aubusson-tapestry-Mille-Fleurs-Sauvages-by-Dom-Robert
  • Cluny-Lady-Unicorn-Karin
  • Cluny-Unicorn-room-Karin

Location: Department of Creuse – Limousin region

Coordinates Chateau de Boussac: Lat 46.347965 – Long 2.211079

Photos via Creative Commons: facade river Public domainGuardroom fireplaces by Mossot Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0Staircase by Mossot Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0